Merced, CA

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
282,290
1.12% 1-year growth
US Senator
Alex Padilla
Democratic Party
US Senator
Laphonza Butler
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
31.5
0.639% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
18.5%
4.3% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$64,772
10% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$342,300
18.7% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
110,712
2.33% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Merced, CA had a population of 282k people with a median age of 31.5 and a median household income of $64,772. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Merced, CA grew from 279,150 to 282,290, a 1.12% increase and its median household income grew from $58,861 to $64,772, a 10% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Merced, CA are Other (Hispanic) (36.7%), White (Non-Hispanic) (25.2%), White (Hispanic) (16.4%), Two+ (Hispanic) (7.53%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (7.15%).

None of the households in Merced, CA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

84.6% of the residents in Merced, CA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Merced, CA are Merced College (2,892 degrees awarded in 2022), University of California-Merced (2,149 degrees), and Milan Institute-Merced (138 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Merced, CA was $342,300, and the homeownership rate was 53.4%.

Most people in Merced, CA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 30.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Merced, CA was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Merced Wildlife Refuge

Population & Diversity

Merced, CA is home to a population of 282k people, from which 84.6% are citizens. As of 2022, 27% of Merced, CA residents were born outside of the country (76.1k people).

In 2022, there were 1.46 times more Other (Hispanic) residents (104k people) in Merced, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 71.2k White (Non-Hispanic) and 46.3k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

84.6%
2022 Citizenship
84.5%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 84.6% of Merced, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Merced, CA was 84.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Merced, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Merced, CA
  1. Other (Hispanic)
    104k ± 3.68k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    71.2k ± 307
  3. White (Hispanic)
    46.3k ± 3.11k
61.9%
Hispanic Population
175k people

In 2022, there were 1.46 times more Other (Hispanic) residents (104k people) in Merced, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 71.2k White (Non-Hispanic) and 46.3k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

61.9% of the people in Merced, CA are hispanic (175k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Merced, CA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for California.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    3,899,021 ± 46,015 people
  2. Philippines
    824,230 ± 22,055 people
  3. China
    685,370 ± 20,148 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of California was Mexico, the natal country of 3,899,021 California residents, followed by Philippines with 824,230 and China with 685,370.

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Foreign-Born Population

27%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
76.1k people
26.8%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
74.7k people

As of 2022, 27% of Merced, CA residents (76.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Merced, CA was 26.8%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Merced, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    3,081 ± 380
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,758 ± 375
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,062 ± 250

Merced, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.75 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Merced, CA employs 111k people. The largest industries in Merced, CA are Health Care & Social Assistance (13,046 people), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (12,583 people), and Retail Trade (12,101 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($122,188), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($80,991), and Utilities ($80,192).

Males in California have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $75,777. The income inequality in California (measured using the Gini index) is 0.498, which is higher than than the national average.

Occupations

111k
2022 Value
± 2,930
2.33%
1 Year growth
± 3.63%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Merced, CA grew at a rate of 2.33%, from 108k employees to 111k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Merced, CA, are Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (10,397 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,034 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (9,098 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Merced, CA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in California (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

111k
2022 Value
± 2,930
2.33%
1 Year growth
± 3.63%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Merced, CA grew at a rate of 2.33%, from 108k employees to 111k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Merced, CA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (13,046 people), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (12,583 people), and Retail Trade (12,101 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Merced, CA, though some of these residents may live in Merced, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$43,784
Median earning men ± $1,788
$29,773
Median earning women ± $808

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($78,136), Information ($69,688), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($59,464).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Construction ($55,625), Public Administration ($46,878), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($46,818).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Y-Axis
2.57%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 17.9M people employed in California. This represents a 2.57% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 14%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in California.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 1,518
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 729
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 666
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in California went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 63.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (34.3%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.07%).

Alex Padilla and Laphonza Butler are the senators currently representing the state of California. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

California is currently represented by 52 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from California

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Alex Padilla
Senator from California3
Assumed office on January 20, 2021
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Kamala Harris, who had become Vice President of the United States.
Laphonza Butler
Senator from California1
Assumed office on October 3, 2023
Appointed to the seat following the death of Dianne Feinstein.

Alex Padilla and Laphonza Butler are the senators currently representing California.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in California over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from California

California is currently represented by 52 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for California have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Merced, CA awarded 5,315 degrees. The student population of Merced, CA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 8,791 male students and 10,921 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Merced, CA are Hispanic or Latino (3,015 and 59.4%), followed by White (732 and 14.4%), Asian (673 and 13.3%), and Unknown (281 and 5.54%).

The largest universities in Merced, CA by number of degrees awarded are Merced College (2,892 and 54.4%), University of California-Merced (2,149 and 40.4%), and Milan Institute-Merced (138 and 2.6%).

The most popular majors in Merced, CA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (812 and 15.3%), General Psychology (509 and 9.58%), and General Biological Sciences (331 and 6.23%).

The median tuition cost in Merced, CA for a public four year colleges is $11,564 for in-state students and $41,636 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Merced, CA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 89.5%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 8.94%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 19,712 (44.6% men and 55.4% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 19,712 students enrolled in Merced, CA, 44.6% men and 55.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 11,699 records, of which 59.5% were women and 40.5% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 316 degrees awarded
  2. 219 degrees awarded
  3. 188 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Merced, CA was General Biological Sciences with 316 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Merced, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 2,892 degrees awarded
  2. 2,149 degrees awarded
  3. 138 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Merced College with 2,892 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 1,953 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Merced, CA, which is 0.581 times less than the 3,362 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 3,015 degrees mean that there were 4.12 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 732 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($11,564) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($2,227) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,125) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Measure

In 2022, 2.08% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 2.26% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were Some college (6.9M), High School or Equivalent (6.8M), and Bachelors Degree (6.36M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Merced, CA was $342,300 in 2022, which is 1.21 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $288,400 to $342,300, a 18.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Merced, CA is 53.4%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Merced, CA have an average commute time of 30.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Merced, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Merced, CA is $64,772. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Merced, CA was Santa Clara County, CA with a value of $153,792, followed by San Mateo County, CA and Marin County, CA, with respective values of $149,907 and $142,019.

Property

$342,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$6,680
$44,156
Median Property Taxes
±$1,552

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Merced, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Merced, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

53.4%
Homeownership
2022
68.5%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 53.4% of the housing units in Merced, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 51.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Merced, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Merced, CA was Santa Clara County, CA with a value of $153,792, followed by San Mateo County, CA and Marin County, CA, with respective values of $149,907 and $142,019.

The following map shows all of the counties in Merced, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$64,772
Median Household Income
± $2,142
82.8k
Number of Households
± 2,401

In 2022, the median household income of the 82.8k households in Merced, CA grew to $64,772 from the previous year's value of $58,861.

The following chart displays the households in Merced, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Merced, CA is from California.
0.498
2022 Wage GINI in California
0.497
2021 Wage GINI in California

In 2022, the income inequality in California was 0.498 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.107% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (77.3%)
  2. Carpooled (9.88%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.42%)

In 2022, 77.3% of workers in Merced, CA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.88%) and those who worked at home (5.42%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

30.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Merced, CA have a longer commute time (30.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 9.35% of the workforce in Merced, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Merced, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Merced, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Merced, CA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

18.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Merced, CA (51.3k out of 277k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Merced, CA is Hispanic, followed by Other and White.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

91% of the population of Merced, CA has health coverage, with 35.7% on employee plans, 37.8% on Medicaid, 6.18% on Medicare, 10.5% on non-group plans, and 0.823% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in California see 1240 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.12% decrease from the previous year (1254 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1132 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 244 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
1,240 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in California

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,240 patients per year. This represents a 1.12% decrease from the previous year (1,254 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 31.2% under 18 years, 23.8% between 18 and 34 years, 33.6% between 35 and 64 years, and 11.4% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.4% were men and 50.6% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9.01%
Uninsured
35.7%
Employer Coverage
37.8%
Medicaid
6.18%
Medicare
10.5%
Non-Group
0.823%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Merced, CA grew by 2.83% from 8.76% to 9.01%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Merced, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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