Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
110,092
0.295% 1-year decline
US Senator
Alex Padilla
Democratic Party
US Senator
Laphonza Butler
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
30.3
2.02% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
26.3%
2.17% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$51,685
9.98% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$263,200
17.1% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA had a population of 110k people with a median age of 30.3 and a median household income of $51,685. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA declined from 110,418 to 110,092, a −0.295% decrease and its median household income grew from $46,997 to $51,685, a 9.98% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA are White (Non-Hispanic) (19.9%), Other (Hispanic) (18.8%), White (Hispanic) (18.6%), Two+ (Hispanic) (16.2%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (15.2%).

46.8% of the households in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

90.9% of the residents in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA are UEI College-Fresno (648 degrees awarded in 2022) and San Joaquin Valley College-Trades Education Center (130 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA was $263,200, and the homeownership rate was 43.7%.

Most people in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 21.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA is home to a population of 110k people, from which 90.9% are citizens. As of 2022, 19.3% of Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA residents were born outside of the country (21.3k people).

In 2022, there were 1.06 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (21.9k people) in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 20.7k Other (Hispanic) and 20.4k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA are Spanish (32,918 households), Hmong (6,005 households), and Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages (1,821 households).

Citizenship

90.9%
2022 Citizenship
91.4%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 90.9% of Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA was 91.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    21.9k ± 1.53k
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    20.7k ± 2.07k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    20.4k ± 2.55k
55.4%
Hispanic Population
61k people

In 2022, there were 1.06 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (21.9k people) in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 20.7k Other (Hispanic) and 20.4k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

55.4% of the people in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA are hispanic (61k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

19.3%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
21.3k people
18.5%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
20.4k people

As of 2022, 19.3% of Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA residents (21.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA was 18.5%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    32,918 households (32.5%)
  2. Hmong
    6,005 households (5.93%)
  3. Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages
    1,821 households (1.8%)

46.8% of the households in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA was Spanish. 32.5% of the households in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,100 ± 234
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    841 ± 253
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    567 ± 247

Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.31 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA employs 42.2k people. The largest industries in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA are Restaurants & Food Services (3,156 people), Construction (2,896 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (2,617 people), and the highest paying industries are Computer Systems Design ($204,986), Offices of physicians ($101,562), and Electric & gas, and other combinations ($92,309).

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
17,965
Women
46.1%
21,031
Men
53.9%

The workforce of Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA in 2020 was 38,996 people, with 46.1% woman, and 53.9% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

42.2k
2022 Value
4.12%
1 Year growth
± 4.12%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA grew at a rate of 4.12%, from 40.5k employees to 42.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA, are Personal care aides (1,950 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,812 people), and Cashiers (1,239 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in California (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

42.2k
2022 Value
4.12%
1 Year growth
± 4.12%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA grew at a rate of 4.12%, from 40.5k employees to 42.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA, are Restaurants & Food Services (3,156 people), Construction (2,896 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (2,617 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA, though some of these residents may live in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$37,688
Median earning men ± $1,817
$29,674
Median earning women ± $2,016

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($56,680), Public Administration ($53,402), and Wholesale Trade ($51,835).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Construction ($51,641), Public Administration ($47,338), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($38,686).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Y-Axis
2.57%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 17.9M people employed in California. This represents a 2.57% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 14%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in California.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in California went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 63.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (34.3%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.07%).

Alex Padilla and Laphonza Butler are the senators currently representing the state of California. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

California is currently represented by 52 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from California

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Alex Padilla
Senator from California3
Assumed office on January 20, 2021
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Kamala Harris, who had become Vice President of the United States.
Laphonza Butler
Senator from California1
Assumed office on October 3, 2023
Appointed to the seat following the death of Dianne Feinstein.

Alex Padilla and Laphonza Butler are the senators currently representing California.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in California over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from California

California is currently represented by 52 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for California have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA awarded 778 degrees. The student population of Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 551 male students and 828 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA are Unknown (417 and 53.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (266 and 34.2%), White (38 and 4.88%), and Asian (22 and 2.83%).

The largest universities in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA by number of degrees awarded are UEI College-Fresno (648 and 83.3%) and San Joaquin Valley College-Trades Education Center (130 and 16.7%).

The most popular majors in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA are Medical Assistant (260 and 33.4%), HVAC Maintenance (153 and 19.7%), and Dental Assisting (121 and 15.6%).

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 2.61% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 3.7% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (21.1k), Some college (20.5k), and Secondary Education (16.6k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA was $263,200 in 2022, which is 0.934 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $224,800 to $263,200, a 17.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA is 43.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA have an average commute time of 21.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA is $51,685. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA was Santa Clara County (Southwest)--Cupertino, Saratoga Cities & Los Gatos Town PUMA, CA with a value of $222,873, followed by Santa Clara County (Northwest)--Palo Alto City & Los Altos Hills Town PUMA, CA and Contra Costa County (South)--San Ramon City & Danville Town PUMA, CA, with respective values of $206,924 and $199,849.

Property

$263,200
Median Property Value 2022
±$5,592
$15,362
Median Property Taxes
±$944

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

43.7%
Homeownership
2022
69.7%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 43.7% of the housing units in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 44.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA was Santa Clara County (Southwest)--Cupertino, Saratoga Cities & Los Gatos Town PUMA, CA with a value of $222,873, followed by Santa Clara County (Northwest)--Palo Alto City & Los Altos Hills Town PUMA, CA and Contra Costa County (South)--San Ramon City & Danville Town PUMA, CA, with respective values of $206,924 and $199,849.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$51,685
Median Household Income
± $3,801
35.1k
Number of Households
± 1,555

In 2022, the median household income of the 35.1k households in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA grew to $51,685 from the previous year's value of $46,997.

The following chart displays the households in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.437
2022 Wage GINI in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA
0.429
2021 Wage GINI in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA

In 2022, the income inequality in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA was 0.437 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.85% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (75%)
  2. Carpooled (11.7%)
  3. Worked At Home (8.28%)

In 2022, 75% of workers in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11.7%) and those who worked at home (8.28%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

21.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA have a shorter commute time (21.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.06% of the workforce in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

26.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA (28.6k out of 109k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

92.7% of the population of Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA has health coverage, with 31.4% on employee plans, 42.8% on Medicaid, 5.65% on Medicare, 11.4% on non-group plans, and 1.47% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in California see 1240 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.12% decrease from the previous year (1254 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1132 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 244 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
1,240 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in California

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,240 patients per year. This represents a 1.12% decrease from the previous year (1,254 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 31.3% under 18 years, 26.6% between 18 and 34 years, 32.2% between 35 and 64 years, and 9.83% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.2% were men and 50.8% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

7.26%
Uninsured
31.4%
Employer Coverage
42.8%
Medicaid
5.65%
Medicare
11.4%
Non-Group
1.47%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA grew by 0.109% from 7.25% to 7.26%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Fresno County (Central)--Fresno City (East Central) PUMA, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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